It is hard to imagine if anyone is living without money and it is equally hard to imagine if humans are living without investing in someway or the other. In plain language, investment means the act of investing or laying out money or capital in an enterprise with the expectation of profit. But at the same time the term investment also means money that is invested with an expectation of profit.
Investment is closely related with earning money and employing it to earn more by its virtue of its inherent multiplication factor. It is this character of money (read investment) which drives people invest in various asset types in which they are comfortable with. As a general rule, it is not quite natural for the novice investors to pursue high return investment categories as they perceive the high element of associated risk is beyond their control.
The Big Question: Could You Do Without Investment?
The answer is rather simple as everyone from top down has wanted to invest in one asset or the other. The more conventional the asset type is more the investors and thus investment. Let me detail this out for you.
Traditional investments like investment on gold and land have never let down the investors although rate at which they appreciated was below par till recently. But come to think of it; the simplicity of prediction matrix and non volatile nature of their class made them the darlings of one and all.
Current Investment Scenario
The current investment arena is extremely wide and intricately interdependent. The simplest investment by far, the savings account, contributes to the pool which bank draws from, for advancing loans to a variety investors. Thus the return on your investment (savings) is connected to the return the bank expects. Floating rate of interest is one of the manifestations of this interdependence.
Investment Options for You
It is impractical to attempt to list out all investment types. However the following are the representative types which apply to all economies.
1. Investment on stocks and securities
2. Investment in money market instruments
3. Investment in mutual funds
4. Investment in ventures
5. Investment in insurance
It is difficult to foretell how and why people make investment decisions. Also it is not true that investors play safe every time. Speculating a higher than usual and short term profit is none too unusual tendency with some. Such an investment type is classified as speculative investment. Although it beats logic, it goes by gut feeling of investors. Many stock investment and real estate speculators have made big time money taking tremendous risk.